There's a myriad of printing methods available. Do you know which is which? Here are some simplified descriptions of our favorite methods!
Letterpress - The design is placed on a plate (imagine a really strong, flat stamp) and placed on a machine that rolls your paper over, and voila! The raised design creates a depression on the paper (basically it's pressed in). There's "blind-embossing" which means you don't add any ink. And there's "registered-embossing" which means you add the ink on top of your blind emboss.
Foil-Printing - This process is similar to letterpress, but a metal die (imagine a metal stamp) has to be created, placed in the machine, heated up, and pressed on to a foil sheet that's sitting on top of the paper.
Foil-Finishing - This is adding foil to decorate something, but it does not leave an indentation on the paper. The foil just sits on top of the design, rather than being pressed into the paper. Here are the two most common ways I've seen: 1. A design is printed on paper with laser-jet and the foil is applied with heat through another applicator. 2. Embossing pen or watermark ink, embossing powder and heat gun. This involves using embossing pens (basically, a pen with sticky in) or watermark ink (basically, a sticky ink pad). After you have your design, you sprinkle embossing powder and use a heat gun to "set" the powder onto the design.
Digital Printing - Things that are printed through a printer! There are different ways of digital printing (we won't get into those) but it usually means plates or dies aren't needed, which makes the printing costs more wallet-friendly.
Silk Screen Printing - Simply put, silk screen printing is a more advanced stencil method. The design is placed on a mesh and the negative space (the parts that are not the design) is covered by a substance that doesn't let ink go through. Then, after the mesh is coated with ink, a squeegee is used to press the ink through the positive space (design area) onto the paper. This method is used a lot for fabrics.
Hope this helped clarify some of these processes! Let us know if you have a favorite process or would like to know more about something.
Have a fantastic weekend, y'all!